About Chiropractic: The Profession
Chiropractic is governed by a regulatory body appointed by statute in all Canadian provinces and American states.
- In Ontario, chiropractic has been governed by statute since 1925, and is currently regulated by the College of Chiropractors of Ontario (CCO) through the Chiropractic Act (1991) which is part of the Regulated Health Professions Act (RHPA) (1991). The CCO is a government appointed body, established with the same structure and similar regulations as those for other health care professions.
- Bill 181, The Regulation of Chiropractic, Statutes of Ontario states that: The practice of chiropractic is the assessment of conditions related to the spine, nervous system and joints of the extremities and the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of dysfunctions or disorders arising from the structures or functions of the spine and the effects of those dysfunctions or disorders on the nervous system, primarily by the adjustment of the spinal column or other joints to enhance function."
- Under the RHPA, chiropractors, medical doctors, dentists, psychologists, podiatrists, and optometrists have been given the right and the obligation to communicate a diagnosis and the right to use the term doctor.
- The scope of practice of chiropractic as defined by the RHPA.
- Chiropractic is one of the largest primary contact health care professions in North America. In an average year, approximately 4.5 million Canadians are treated by chiropractors. Chiropractic is covered by many health insurance plans as well as Workers' Compensation Boards across the country.
- Chiropractors most commonly practice in private offices either as a sole practitioner or in associateship with other chiropractors or health care professionals. Practices in multidisciplinary clinics or in institutionalised health care settings are becoming more common.