Selected Publications by CMCC Researchers


Julita Teodorczyk-Injeyan, MSc, PhD
Associate Professor, Research

  • Teodorczyk-Injeyan JA, Injeyan HS, McGregor M, Harris GM, Ruegg R. Enhancement of in vitro interleukin-2 production in normal subjects following a single spinal manipulative treatment. Chiropr Osteopat. 2008 May 28;16:5.
  • Teodorczyk-Injeyan JA, Injeyan HS, R, Ruegg. Spinal manipulative therapy does not change the state of activation of systemic T lymphocytes in normal subjects. J Chiropract Educ 2007, 21:86.
  • Injeyan HS, Teodorczyk-Injeyan JA, Ruegg R. Augmentation of interleukin-2 (IL-2)-induced antibody production following a single spinal manipulative therapy in normal subjects. J Chiropract Educ 2007, 21:74.
  • Teodorczyk-Injeyan JA, Injeyan HS, Ruegg R. Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) reduces inflammatory cytokines but not substance P production in normal subjects. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2006 Jan;29(1):14-21.
  • Injeyan H S, Teodorczyk-Injeyan J A, Burnie S, Ruegg R. Polyclonal Immunoglobulin synthesis following a single spinal manipulation therapy in normal subject. J Chiropract Educ 2004, 18: 61.
  • Teodorczyk-Injeyan J A, Injeyan H S, Ruegg R. Attenuation of TNFα secretion following spinal manipulative therapy in normal subjects. J Chiropract Educ 2004, 18:30-31.

Deborah Kopansky-Giles BPHE, DC, FCCS(C), FCCRS(C), FICC (Hon)
Coordinator, Integrated Care and Care Research Associate Professor, CMCC
Clinician, St. Michael’s Hospital

  • Johnson C, Baird R, Dougherty PE, Globe G, Green BN, Haneline M, Hawk C, Injeyan HS, Killinger L, Kopansky-Giles D, Lisi AJ, Mior SA, Smith M. Chiropractic and Public Health: Current State and Future Vision. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2008;31:397-410.
  • Kopansky-Giles D, Vernon H, Steiman I, Tibbles A, Decina P, Goldin J, Kelly M. Collaborative Community-Based Teaching Clinics at the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College - Addressing the Needs of Local Poor Communities. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2007;30(8):558-565.
  • Kopansky-Giles D, Walker B, Borges S. Integration of Chiropractic in Multidisciplinary and Hospital Based Settings. Chapter 12, Principles and Practice of Chiropractic, Scott Haldeman ed. 2005, McGraw Hill, 1165-79.
  • Kopansky-Giles D, Tibbles A, Decina P, Goldin J. Community-Based External Clinics Program at CMCC. Topics in Clinical Chiropractic 2002; 9(1), 62-67.
  • Piccininni JJ, Johnston CC, Kopansky-Giles DR, Robinson SJ. Patient Education Initiatives at the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2000;23(1):56-59.
  • Kopansky-Giles D. Biomechanics of the Cervical Spine – Chapter 2. Whiplash: A Practitioner’s Guide to Understanding Whiplash Associated Disorders. CCA, 2000.

Marion McGregor, DC, MSc, PhD
Coordinator, Research Education Associate Professor

  • McGregor M, Cambron JA, Jedlicka J, Gudavalli MR. Clinical trial variability: quality control in a randomized clinical trial. Contemp Clin Trials. 2009 Jan;30(1):20-3. Epub 2008 Aug 31
  • Teodorczyk-Injeyan JA, Injeyan HS, McGregor M, Harris GM, Ruegg R. Enhancement of in vitro interleukin-2 production in normal subjects following a single spinal manipulative treatment. Chiropr Osteopat. 2008 May 28;16:5
  • Cambron JA, Gudavalli MR, Hedeker D, McGregor M, Jedlicka J, Keenum M, Ghanayem AJ, Patwardhan AG, Furner SE. One-year follow-up of a randomized clinical trial comparing flexion distraction with an exercise program for chronic low-back pain. J Altern Complement Med 2006; 12(7): 659-668
  • Cambron JA, Gudavalli MR, McGregor M, Jedlicka J, Keenum M, Ghanayem AJ, Patwardhan AG, Furner SE. Amount of health care and self-care following a randomized clinical trial comparing flexion-distraction with exercise program for chronic low back pain. Chiropr Osteopat. 2006 Aug 24;14:19
  • Gudavalli MR, Cambron JA, McGregor M, Jedlicka J, Keenum M, Ghanayem AJ, Patwardhan AG. A randomized clinical trial and subgroup analysis to compare flexion-distraction with active exercise for chronic low back pain. Eur Spine J 2006; 15(7): 1070-1082
  • Triano JJ, McGregor M. The efficiency of multiple impulse therapy for musculoskeletal complaints. [Letter] J Manip Physiol Therap 2006; 29(6): 502
  • McGregor M. Musculoskeletal complications in chiropractic practice. In Haldeman S, Dagenais S, Budgell B, Grunnet-Nilsson N, Hooper PD, Meeker WC, Triano J. editors Principles and Practice of Chiropractic, third edition, McGraw-Hill, New York 2005
  • Cramer GD, Cantu JA, Dorsett RD, Greenstein JS, McGregor M, Howe JE, Glenn WV. Dimensions of the lumbar intervertebral foramina as determined from the sagittal plane magnetic resonance imaging scans of 95 normal subjects. J Manip Physiol Therap 2004; 26(3): 160-170
  • Haldeman S, Kohlbeck FJ, McGregor M. Stroke, cerebral artery dissection, and cervical spine manipulation therapy. J Neurol 2002; 249(8): 1098-1104
  • Haldeman S, Kohlbeck FJ, McGregor M. Unpredicability of cerebrovascular ischemia associated with cervical spine manipulation therapy. Spine 2002; 27: 49-55
  • Zigler JE, McGregor M, Triano JJ. Chapter 8-8: Whiplash. In Fitzgerald RH, Kaufer H, Malkani AL. editors. Orthopaedics, Mosby, St. Louis 2002

Dr. Silvano A. Mior DC, FCCS(C), FICC (Hon)
Special Assistant to the President Professor

  • Mior S, Barnsley J, Boon H, Ashbury FD, Haig R. Designing a framework for the delivery of collaborative musculoskeletal care involving chiropractors and physicians in community-based primary care. J Interprof Care. 2010 May 4. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Verhoef MJ, Mulkins A, Kania A, Findlay-Reece B, Mior S. Identifying the barriers to conducting outcomes research in integrative health care clinic settings--a qualitative study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2010 Jan 14;10:14.
  • Boon HS, Mior SA, Barnsley J, Ashbury FD, Haig R. The difference between integration and collaboration in patient care: results from key informant interviews working in multiprofessional health care teams. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2009 Nov-Dec;32(9):715-22.
  • Johnson C, Baird R, Dougherty PE, Globe G, Green BN, Haneline M, Hawk C, Injeyan HS, Killinger L, Kopansky-Giles D, Lisi AJ, Mior SA, Smith M. Chiropractic and public health: current state and future vision. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2008 Jul-Aug;31(6):397-410.
  • Mior SA, Waalen J. Personal and practice predictors associated with the income of Ontario chiropractors. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2008 May;31(4):277-84
  • Mior SA, Laporte A. Economic and resource status of the chiropractic profession in Ontario, Canada: A threat or an opportunity. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2008 Feb;31(2):104-14.
  • Silvano Mior, Jan Barnsley, Fred Ashbury, Heather Boon and Robert Haig. Designing a Model for Collaborative Health Care Delivery: Chiropractic Services and Primary Care Networks. CAM Health Services and Policy Research in Canada - New Directions. Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine 2005: Vol. 2: No. 1, Article 3: 40.
  • Silvano Mior, Jan Barnsley, Heather Boon, Pierre Cote, Brian Gamble, Bob Haig and Janet Hayes. Implementing a Model of Collaborative Practice: A Survival Guide. CAM Health Services and Policy Research in Canada -New Directions. Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine 2005 : Vol. 2: No. 1, Article 3: 41.
  • Waalen J, Mior SA. Practice patterns of 692 Ontario chiropractors (2000-2001). J Can Chiropr Assoc 2005 Mar; 49(1): 21-31.
  • Kim P, Hayden J, Mior SA. Back Informed Program. J Can Chiropr Assoc 2004; 48(1):13-19.
  • Triano JJ, Bougie J, Rogers C, Scaringe J, Sorrels K, Skogsbergh D, Mior S. Procedural skills in spinal manipulation: do prerequisites matter? Spine J. 2004 Sep-Oct;4(5):557-63.
  • Hayden JA, Mior SA, Verhoef MJ. Evaluation of chiropractic management of pediatric patients with low back pain: a prospective cohort study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2003 Jan; 26 (1): 1-8.
  • Mior S, Nielson WR. Preface: Prevention of chronic pain: the unexplored frontier. Clin J Pain. 2001 Dec;17(4 Suppl):S68-9. Review.
  • Mior S. Manipulation and Mobilization in the Treatment of Chronic Pain. Clinical J Pain 2001; 17(4): S70-76.
  • Mior S. Exercise in the Treatment of Chronic Pain. Clinical J Pain 2001; 17(4): S77-85.
  • McDermaid C, Mior SA. Ankylosing Spondylitis: case report. J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2000 June; 44(2): 87–97.
  • Mootz RD, Hansen DT, Mior SA. Outcomes management to enhance customer service. In, Yeomans S., ed., Clinical Application of Outcomes Assessment. Appleton & Lange, 2000.

John J. Triano, DC, PhD, FCCS (C) (Hons)
Dean, Graduate Education and Research Programs
Associate Dean of Research
Professor

  • Triano JJ. Making lives better through practice and research. J Can Chiropr Assoc 2009;53(2):87-8
    Lawrence DJ, Meeker W, Branson R, Bronfort G, Cates JR, Haas M, Haneline M, Micozzi M, Updyke W, Mootz R, Triano JJ, Hawk C. Chiropractic management of low back pain and low back-related leg complaints: a literature synthesis. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2008 Nov-Dec;31(9):659-74
  • Triano JJ. Literature syntheses for the Council on Chiropractic Guidelines and Practice Parameters: methodology. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2008 Nov-Dec;31(9):645-50
  • Triano JJ. What constitutes best practice? J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2008 Nov-Dec;31(9):637-43
  • Kim N, Triano JJ. Chapter 14 - Manipulative Therapy. In: Orthopaedic Knowledge Update. Spine 3. Eds: Spivak, J.M. & Connolly, P.J. American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, Rosemont, Ill. 2006, pp 117-128
  • Press J, Triano JJ, Liebenson C, Watkin R. Chapter 38: The role of the non-operative specialist in managing the spine patient. In: Rehabilitation of the Spine: A Practitioner’s Manual (2nd Ed.). Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins 2006
  • Triano JJ. Manipulation and Manual Methods. In: Slipman CW, Derby R, Simeone F, eds. Interventional Spine: An Algorithmic Approach. 1st Ed. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders: 2006
  • Triano JJ, Scaringe J, Bougie J, Rogers C. Effects of visual feedback on manipulation performance and patient ratings. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2006 Jun;29(5):378-85
  • Eglington T, Triano JJ. Complementarity and Synergy : the Canadian and US approaches to supporting the knowledge needs of a self-determining chiropractic profession. J Can Chiropr Assoc 2005 Sep;49(3):154-157
  • Ferrara L, Triano JJ, Sohn MJ, Song E, Lee DD. A biomechanical assessment of disc pressures in the lumbosacral spine in response to external unloading forces. Spine J 2005 Sep-Oct;5(5):548-53
  • Nelson CF, Lawrence DJ, Triano JJ, Bronfort G, Perle SM, Metz RD, Hegetschweiler K, LaBrot T. Chiropractic as spine care: a model for the profession. Chiropr Osteopat 2005 Jul 6;13:9
  • Triano, J.J. Chapter 12 – Buckling: A Biomechanical Model of Subluxation. Foundations of Chiropractic: Subluxation. Gatterman, M.I. (ed), Mosby, Inc., 2005
  • Triano, JJ. Evidence-Based Care, Certainty, and the Doctor’s Duty of Care. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2005 May;28(4):215-6
  • Triano, JJ. Section Editor: Management of Specific Disorders, in Principles and Practice of Chiropractic 3rd Edition. S. Haldeman (Editor-in-Chief). McGraw-Hill, Philadelphia, 2005
  • Triano, JJ. Chapter 19 – The theoretical basis for spinal manipulation. In Principles and Practice of Chiropractic 3rd Edition. S. Haldeman (Editor-in-Chief). McGraw-Hill, Philadelphia, 2005
  • Triano, JJ. Chapter 50 – Biomechanical Mechanisms of Chiropractic. Complementary Medicine in American Healthcare. Rakel and Faass (ed), Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Inc., 2005
  • Triano JJ. CIHR-NIH Report, J Can Chiropr Assoc 2005 Mar;29(3):234-238
  • Triano JJ, Kawchuk G. (Editors). Current Concepts: Spinal Manipulation and Cervical Arterial Incidents. NCMIC Group, Inc. Des Moines, IA, 2005
  • Haneline MT, Triano JJ. Cervical Artery Dissection. A Comparison of Highly Dynamic Mechanisms: Manipulation versus Motor Vehicle Collision. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2005 Jan;28(1):57-63
  • Taylor SH, Arnold ND, Biggs L, Colloca CJ, Mierau DR, Symons BP, Triano JJ. A review of the literature pertaining to the efficacy, safety, educational requirements, uses and usage of mechanical adjusting devices: Part 2 of 2. J Can Chiropr Assoc 2004 Jun;48(2):152-61
  • Taylor SH, Arnold ND, Biggs L, Colloca CJ, Mierau DR, Symons BP, Triano JJ. A review of the literature pertaining to the efficacy, safety, educational requirements, uses and usage of mechanical adjusting devices: Part 1 of 2. J Can Chiropr Assoc 2004 Mar;48(1):74-108
  • Triano JJ, Bougie J, Rogers C, Scaringe J, Sorrels K, Skogsbergh D, Mior S. Procedural skills in spinal manipulation: do prerequisites matter? Spine J 2004 Sep-Oct;4(5):557-63
  • Rogers CM, Triano JJ. Biomechanical measure validation for spinal manipulation in clinical settings. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2003 Nov-Dec;26(9):539-48
  • Triano JJ. Chapter 11 – Manipulation. The Low Back Pain Handbook, 2nd Edition. A Cole, S Herring (eds) Hanley & Belfus, Inc., 2003
  • Triano JJ, Donner J, Pettine KA, Schofferman J. Cervicogenic Headache Treatment. SpineLine, May/June: 13-17, 2003
    Triano JJ, Rogers CM, Combs S, Potts D, Sorrels K. Quantitative feedback versus standard training for cervical and thoracic manipulation. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2003 Mar-Apr;26(3):131-8
  • Taylor SH, Arnold ND, Biggs L, Colloca CJ, Mierau DR, Symons BP, Triano JJ. A Review of the Literature Pertaining to the Efficacy, Safety, Educational Requirements, Uses and Usage of Mechanical Adjusting Devices. Chiropractors’ Association of Saskatchewan, 2002
  • Triano JJ. Chapter 9 – Manipulative Therapy in the Management of Pain. Practical Pain Management, 3rd Edition. CD Tollison, JR Satterthwaite, JW Tollison (eds), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2002: 109-119
  • Triano JJ. Point of View. Spine 2002, Sep 1;27(17):1843
  • Triano JJ. Reducing Back Pain While Sitting. Spine-health.com, February 8, 2002
  • Triano JJ, Rogers CM, Combs S, Potts D, Sorrels K. Developing Skilled Performance of Lumbar Spine Manipulation. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2002 Jul-Aug;25(6):353-61
  • Zigler JE, McGregor M, Triano JJ. Chapter 8 – Whiplash. Orthopaedics. R.H. Fitzgerald, Jr., H. Kaufer, and A.L. Malkani (eds), Mosby, 2002
  • Triano JJ. The functional spinal lesion: an evidence-based model of subluxation. TiCC, 2001 8(1):16-28
  • Triano JJ. Biomechanics of Spinal Manipulative Therapy. Spine J 2001 Mar-Apr;1(2):121-30
  • Triano JJ. Chapter 6 – Managing Geriatric Spine Patients. The Aging Body. J Bougie and P Morganthal (eds), McGraw Hill Publishers, 2001
  • Triano JJ, Engle NS. Concentrating on comfort. Occup Health Saf. 2001 Sep;70(9):137-9
  • Mootz RD, Hansen DT, Souza TA, Triano JJ, Wiese BC. Application of incremental change strategies in chiropractic and multidisciplinary clinical settings for quality improvement. Qual Manag Health Care. 2000 Spring;8(3):42-64
  • Triano JJ. Chiropractic Management of Whiplash Injury. Frontiers in Whiplash Trauma: Clinical and Biomechanical. N. Yoganandan and F.W. Pintar (eds), The Netherlands: IOS Press, 2000
  • Triano JJ. Chiropractic Personnel in the 21st Century Depends on Strategy Today. TiCC 7 (1): 27-32, March, 2000
  • Triano JJ. Invited Commentary. The Spine Journal, 2(6), 2000
  • Triano JJ. The mechanics of spinal manipulation. Clinical Biomechanics of the Spine. W. Herzog (ed), Harcourt-Brace, 2000 

Howard Vernon, BA, DC, FCCS, PhD
Director, Centre of the Study of Cervical Spine Professor

  • Assistant Editor - Advances in Chiropractic Vols 1, 2, 3, and 4 Mosby/Year-Book, Chicago, Il.
  • Vernon H, Proctor D, Bakalovski D, Moreton J. Simulation tests for cervical nonorganic signs: a study of face validity. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2010 Jan;33(1):20-8.
  • Vernon H, Guerriero R, Kavanaugh S, Soave D, Moreton J. Psychological factors in the use of the neck disability index in chronic whiplash patients. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2010 Jan 1;35(1):E16-21.
  • Vernon H, Sun K, Zhang Y, Yu XM, Sessle BJ. Central sensitization induced in trigeminal and upper cervical dorsal horn neurons by noxious stimulation of deep cervical paraspinal tissues in rats with minimal surgical trauma. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2009 Sep;32(7):506-14.
  • Vernon H, Jansz G, Goldsmith CH, McDermaid C. A randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial of chiropractic and medical prophylactic treatment of adults with tension-type headache: results from a stopped trial. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2009 Jun;32(5):344-51.
  • Schneider M, Vernon H, Ko G, Lawson G, Perera J. Chiropractic management of fibromyalgia syndrome: a systematic review of the literature. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2009 Jan;32(1):25-40
  • Vernon H, Schneider M. Chiropractic management of myofascial trigger points and myofascial pain syndrome: a systematic review of the literature. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2009 Jan;32(1):14-24
  • Vernon H. The Neck Disability Index: state-of-the-art, 1991-2008. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2008 Sep;31(7):491-502
  • Vernon H. Introduction to cervical outcomes measures: state of the art. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2008 Sep;31(7):489
  • Trouli MN, Vernon HT, Kakavelakis KN, Antonopoulou MD, Paganas AN, Lionis CD. Translation of the Neck Disability Index and validation of the Greek version in a sample of neck pain patients. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2008 Jul 22;9:106
  • Vernon H. The psychometric properties of the Neck Disability Index. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2008 Jul;89(7):1414-5.
  • Vernon H, Humphreys BK. Chronic mechanical neck pain in adults treated by manual therapy: a systematic review of change scores in randomized controlled trials of a single session. J Man Manip Ther 2008;16(2):E42-E52.
  • Vernon H. Chiropractic Diagnosis and Treatment of Myofascial Trigger Points and Myofascial Pain Syndrome. For: Chiropractic Clinical Guidelines and Practice Parameters, US, 2008.
  • Kopansky-Giles D, Vernon H, Steiman I, Tibbles A, Decina P, Goldin J, Kelly M. Collaborative community-based teaching clinics at the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College: addressing the needs of local poor communities. J Manip Physiol Ther 2007;30:558-565.
  • Vernon H, Humphreys BK, Hagino C. Chronic mechanical neck pain in adults treated by manual therapy: a systematic review of change scores in randomized clinical trials. J Manip Physiol Ther 2007;30:215-227.
  • Vernon H, Humphreys BK. Manual therapy for neck pain: an overview of randomized clinical trials and systematic reviews. Eura Medicophys 2007;43:91-118.
  • Yeomans S, Liebenson C, Bolton J, Vernon H. Outcome Assessment. In: Liebenson C. Rehabilitation of the Spine, 2nd Ed., Lippincott Williams and Wilkens: Philadelphia, PA, 2007.
  • Vernon H, Humphreys BK, Hagino C. The outcome of control groups in clinical trials of conservative treatments for chronic neck pain: a systematic review. BMC Musculoskel Dis 2006;7:58.
  • Hu JW, Sun KQ, Vernon H, Sessle BJ. Craniofacial inputs to upper cervical dorsal horn: implications for somatosensory information processing. Brain Res. 2005 May 17;1044(1):93-106. Epub 2005 Apr 7.
  • Shin P, Vernon H, Sessle BJ, Hu JW. Neck muscle length modulates nociceptive reflex evoked by noxious irritant application to rat neck tissues. Exp Brain Res. 2005 Jun;163(3):314-23. E-pub 2005 Jan 18.
  • The Treatment of Headache, Neurological and Non-Musculoskeletal Disordersby Spinal Manipulative Therapy. In: Haldeman S. ed., Principles and Practice of Chiropractic, 2005.
  • Vernon H, Gatterman MI. Cervicogenic Headache. In:Gatterman MI, ed., Foundations of Chiropractic: Subluxation, 2nd Ed., St. Louis MO: Mosby, 2005.
  • Vernon HT and Mrozek J. A revised definition of manipulation. J Manip Physiol Ther 2005;28:68-72.
  • Vernon HT, Humphreys BK, Hagino CA. A systematic review of conservative treatments for acute neck pain not due to whiplash. J Manip Physiol Ther 2005;28:443-448.
  • Vernon HT, MacAdam K, Marshall V, Pion M, Sadowska M. Validation of a sham manipulative procedure for the cervical spine for use in clinical trials. J Manip Physiol Ther 2005;28:662-666.
  • Research: Headaches. In: Redwood D and Cleveland C, eds. St. Louis, MO: Mosby. Fundamentals of Chiropractic, 2003
    Vernon H. Manual therapy of headaches of spinal origin: An investigation into etiology, mechanisms, diagnosis and treatment. PhD thesis. Glamorgan University, Glamorgan, Wales, UK, 2003.
  • Vernon HT. Chiropractic treatment of headache: an update. TiCC 2002; March.
  • Editor: The Cranio-Cervical Syndrome: Mechanisms, Assessment and Treatment. Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinneman, 2001.
  • Lehman G, Vernon HT, McGill S. The effect of a chiropractic manipulation on paraspinal EMG responses to a standardized noxious input. J Manip Physiol Ther 2001;24:402-406.
  • Tension-type and cervicogenic headaches: Part 1 – Clinical descriptions and methods of assessment. In: Vernon H., ed. The Cranio-Cervical Syndrome: Mechanisms, Assessment and Treatment, 2001
  • Tension-type and cervicogenic headaches: Part 2 – A systematic review of complementary and alternative therapies. In: Vernon H. ed. The Cranio-Cervical Syndrome: Mechanisms, Assessment and Treatment, 2001.
  • Vernon H. Qualitative review of studies of manipulation-induced hypoalgesia. J Manip Physiol Ther 2000;23:134-138.
  • Vernon H. Assessment of self-rated disability, impairment and sincerity of effort in whiplash-associated disorder. J Musculoskel Pain 2000; 8:155-167.
  • Assistant Editor - Advances in Chiropractic Vols 1, 2, 3, and 4 Mosby/Year-Book, Chicago, Il.
  • Neck Disability Index (NDI)