Year III

Course Requirements

Electives



CD 3303 Neurodiagnosis for Chiropractic Practice

Common neurological disorders are presented with particular emphasis on conditions frequently seen by chiropractors. The skills required to apply the findings of a neurological examination and correlate clinical neurological findings with other diagnostic data are developed. Emphasis is placed on clinical pattern recognition, aetiology, signs, symptoms and differential diagnosis.

CD 3305 Diagnosis and Symptomatology for Chiropractic Practice

An overview of advanced clinical disorders of the body systems is presented. Emphasis is placed on the aetiology, signs and symptoms, differential diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the cardiovascular, genitourinary, respiratory, gastrointestinal, endocrine, skin, ears, eyes, nose and throat and immune systems that may confront the chiropractic practitioner.

CD 3406 Clinical Psychology

The background necessary to identify and respond to psychological problems effectively is provided. The full spectrum of normal and abnormal behaviours is discussed with a specific focus on the syndromes most commonly seen in chiropractic practice. The use of clinical observation, systematic inquiry and evaluation to develop a plan of management for these conditions within the context of a chiropractic practice is emphasized.

CD 3407 Emergency Care for Chiropractic Practice

Prerequisite: A current certification in basic first aid and CPR with AED. The first response diagnosis of emergency situations such as head and spinal injuries, stroke, shock, cardiac arrest, respiratory distress, burns, heat and cold injuries, soft tissue and bone trauma, diabetic emergencies, poisoning and emergency child birth are presented. Emphasis is placed on the assessment of emergency situations, the triaging of injuries and the provision of appropriate first aid in an effort to preserve life, prevent further injury and promote recovery. 

CD 3408 Chiropractic Practice: Special Populations: Paediatric Patient

The diagnosis and management of selected conditions affecting infants and preschool
children are presented, including disorders of birth, child development, the
neuromusculoskeletal system, orthopaedics, infectious diseases and common malignancies.
Distinguishing those conditions that require referral and those that are amenable to
chiropractic care is emphasized. Special emphasis is placed on prevention and correction
of structural problems.

CD 3409 Chiropractic Practice: Special Populations: Female Patient

Conditions of the female reproductive system and standard diagnostic gynaecologic
procedures are discussed. Emphasis is placed on the differential diagnosis of functional
and organic causes of gynaecologic signs and symptoms, and on the treatment of those
gynaecological conditions amenable to chiropractic care. Prenatal care, childbirth and
postpartum care are discussed with an emphasis on chiropractic management.

CD 3410 Chiropractic Practice: Special Populations: Older Patient

Conditions affecting older persons are introduced including the “I”s of geriatric care (intellectual impairment, immobility, instability, iatrogenic drug reactions, incontinence and social isolation). History taking, diagnostic procedures and therapeutic interventions for chiropractic care of the older patient are presented. The importance of an interdisciplinary approach and healthful lifestyle strategies that culminate in healthy aging are emphasized.

CE 3304 Integrated Chiropractic Practice

Utilizing a case based approach, learning from across the program is integrated as clinical reasoning skills are applied to reach a diagnosis and formulate a plan of management specific to that patient’s presentation. Evidence based care within a biopsychosocial model is emphasized. Learning is optimized by guest lecturer and expert panel presentations.

CP 3303 Chiropractic Professional Ethics

This course completes the core series in chiropractic principles and is designed to develop integration of information and application in a clinical context. Informed consent, professional boundaries and other ethical issues are presented. Scientific evidence in support of the chiropractic management of certain nonmusculoskeletal disorders is discussed and mind body medicine is introduced.

CP 3304 Chiropractic Practice: Business and Law

The relevant implications to the practice of chiropractic of the Canadian legal system, provincial Acts, Regulations, Codes, Standards of Practice, Guidelines, Policies and Bylaws; regulatory, administrative, criminal, constitutional, tort and contract law; laws that govern privacy, confidentiality, consent, capacity and professional negligence; the history of self-regulation; the role of regulatory bodies and different models of regulation under which chiropractors practice are presented. The rights and obligations of the chiropractor and, more importantly, of the patient are emphasized. Attendance at a disciplinary hearing of a regulated health care professional is required.

CT 3306 Chiropractic Skills III

Emphasis is placed on proficiency in conducting a comprehensive examination of the spine,
pelvis, extremities and rib articulations. New adjustive procedures and other treatment
options such as manual and instrument assisted soft tissue technique and mobilization are
introduced while adjustive procedures taught in the previous two years are reinforced.
The ability to correlate analysis with treatment protocol is developed to prepare students
for their clinical year.

CT 3307 Auxiliary Chiropractic Therapy

The basic physics, physiological principles, indications and contraindications, and
appropriate applications of therapeutic modalities, which include electrotherapy, hydrotherapy,
mechanotherapy, phototherapy, thermotherapy, and cryotherapy are presented.

DI 3203 Diagnostic Imaging Interpretation for Chiropractic Practice III

The aetiology, pathology, signs and symptoms, radiographic features, and management of major rheumatic diseases are presented as they relate to chiropractic practice. Special emphasis on spinal degenerative joint disease and inflammatory conditions leads to the development of a differential diagnosis and pertinent therapeutic scenarios. Clinical judgment in ordering and interpreting appropriate imaging studies, a review of the clinical and physiological characteristics related to rheumatologic conditions and their prognoses, orthopaedic examination procedures, interdisciplinary referral and case management are discussed. Fundamentals of radiographic report writing are presented and applied to comprehensive radiographic differential diagnoses. Comprehensive imaging differential diagnoses challenge students to interpret imaging of any possible disease category, as indicated by clinical symptomatology.

DI 3301 Radiological Technology

The production of radiographs of good diagnostic quality with minimum patient exposure is emphasized, including patient positioning, calculation of proper technique factors, equipment operation and operator protection. Simulated radiographic equipment and phantom exposures are used. The biological effects of radiation are emphasised, along with its application to the diagnostic radiographic process relating to the protection of the patient, the operator and the general public, and to the rules and regulations of the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care and the Ministry of Labour.

DI 3302 Diagnostic Imaging Interpretation for Chiropractic Practice IV

Soft tissue radiology presents the range of normal appearances of chest and abdominal radiographs, patterns of abnormal disease processes in these regions and indications for prompt referral. The indications for contrast studies and special imaging procedures for the chest and abdomen are reviewed.

PA 3201 Systems Pathology

Systemic pathology, including aetiology, pathogenesis, morphology and microscopic features of major diseases and neoplasms involving different body organs are provided. Problems and clinical case scenarios are included to facilitate understanding and correlating the pathology with clinical presentation.

PA 3202 Clinical Microbiology

Clinical manifestations of infectious diseases are explored. A systems approach is employed to explore the differences in presentation of disease caused by virus, bacteria, fungus and parasite groups, and the pathology, clinical symptomatology and treatment approach for each of these groups.

PA 3305 Clinical Laboratory Diagnosis

The use of clinical laboratory findings in clinical decision making in health and common disease states is demonstrated. Problem solving exercises are undertaken with data from the biochemistry, immunology and haematology laboratories.

PH 3407 Clinical Nutrition for Chiropractic Practice

The clinical skills to perform a comprehensive patient assessment and lifestyle management program are developed along with communication skills for collaboration with medical practitioners to obtain objective measurements (e.g., blood and urine tests, bone mineral density tests, PAP smears, PSA tests, mammograms, colonoscopies) important to making evidence informed recommendations regarding nutrition, exercise and supplementation.

RM 3301 Investigative Project — Protocol Development

Student groups successfully complete the literature synthesis proposal. Online support is provided. Note: RM 3301 can be replaced by successful completion of RMO 3302.

Electives

RMO 3302 Original Research Project Development and Completion

Identification of a faculty research supervisor, completion of Research Ethics Board (REB) approval, as necessary, and a written report of the research of sufficient quality for submission for publication are required. The supervisor and course coordinator provide support with proposal creation, research design and analysis. Online resources are available. Students will receive a certificate of completion for this course.

Note: Successful completion of RMO 3302 will replace RM 3301 and RM 4301.

RMO 3303 Student Research Apprenticeship

Identification of a faculty project of interest, an agreement signed with the faculty investigator regarding tasks to be performed, and registration with the Research Administrator are required. Students will receive a certificate of appreciation for this course when their work has been completed. If an original student project emerges from a faculty project, students can enrol in RMO 3302 to receive credit for their original project under the conditions associated with that elective.